Written by Africanews
The UN High Commissioner for Refugees is focusing on the aspect of climate refugees and why they choose to leave their home behind for uncertain situations abroad. The delegates for each country spoke about what each resolution seeks to accomplish as well as the methods they will use. The committee spoke in a 2-for-2 against format.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo is one of the leading voices on this issue as they are the second most populous country in Africa as well as the country with the highest rate of displaced people brought into their borders.
The population of the DRC has been impacted by a multitude of factors including the genocide in Rwanda, as well as the shrinking of farmable land in nearby countries such as Burkina Faso. This diversity of causes makes it difficult for the DRC to move forward with any one program.
Because of this, the delegate from the DRC to the UNHCR is one of the sponsors for the largest and most comprehensive resolution draft in the committee. With efforts to increase water infrastructure as well as to ensure that those who need access to capital in order to succeed, have that access, particularly women throughout the Global South.
“I believe the continent of Africa will be the most affected by the shortages of water and that this will create issues for surrounding continents if Africans are forced to flee the country because they can no longer farm their land, or because they experience violence at the hands of warlords.” Said the delegate from the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Of particular note is the Water Advisory Board that the DRC believes will have a substantial impact on water usage in countries that are struggling to manage their water usage, whether through over-consumption or through not properly containing their water supply into reservoirs or other such mechanisms.
The limitations of Africa’s current water infrastructure means that many people throughout the continent are water insecure, even if they live near a source of water. There are floodgates being proposed to help limit the damage of water that does overflow existing reservoirs during monsoon seasons. There is also a push for more water treatment facilities as these are necessary to ensure the health of people.