Written by RT News
On Thursday afternoon, the UN Security Council discussed the issue of territorial disputes in the South China Sea, a body of water that represents one-third of global maritime traffic and $5 trillion in annual trade according to South China Morning Post. Due to the vast wealth of natural resources such as fisheries, oil and gas deposits, and islands within the region, tensions regarding the claims and occupations of the contested islands in the South China Sea between multiple nations have been front and centre and thus a matter and topic of crucial significance.
Based on the conference reports our reporter has received on April 4th, there are six major claimant nations participating in this heated debate: China, the Philippines, Vietnam, Japan, Russia, and the United States. Each of these nations has claimed rights to the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) which spans 200 nautical miles from the coast of their territories, which protects rights for marine resources and energy production and exploration as outlined in the International Maritime Law.
During one of the unmoderated caucuses, the delegation of the People’s Republic of China exclusively told our reporter exclusively that since the start of its meeting session this morning, the UN Security Council has been in “Crisis Mode”. Delegates in support of the United States have been accusing China of potential human rights violations and political domination within the South China Sea region.
“China would like to criticize the U.S. as well as its allies for creating and spreading these false claims and accusations,” the delegates of China said. “These countries intend to undermine our interests in the area, and we have every right to protect our national sovereignty and defend our historical right to the vast majority of the South China Sea islands.”
Recently, China has built numerous defense systems and man-made islands specifically for the purpose of self-protection as well as safe maritime navigation, which made many other nations worried about the potential threat of militarization.
It remains unclear what path the UN Security Council will take, but all delegates agreed that the United Nations Security Council should provide a forum for debates and conversations so that countries are able to openly express their interests and intentions in regards to the regional conflict in the South China Sea in order to build a more effective peacekeeping structure on a global scale.