Written by Samantha Wolf
As the conference wraps up, Novice DISEC has been steadily making progress on their topics. This weekend, they have been discussing issues related to international security.
This morning they tabled debate on their first topic, proxy groups. According to the delegate from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), proxy warfare is not direct conflict between governments, sort of like the Cold War. There is “no direct war happening as far as casualties, but there is still influence being put on nations”
The delegate explains that the debate centered around pros and cons of the groups. While proxy groups limit casualties of war and can benefit the country as far as war production goes, “it can destroy the nation it is being used on.”
This morning, DISEC voted on potential resolutions. Unfortunately, none of the drafts passed. Sources tell us that the resolutions were all very similar to each other, and nations had a hard time distinguishing them and figuring out which was the best.
Nevertheless, DISEC has moved onto their second topic at a rapid pace. Now, they will be discussing the global arms trade. A variety of nations made speeches regarding the topic, contributing to the debate from a range of aspects. Germany was first to speak, proposing that a viable solution would be to create a UN treaty. Such a treaty would require the use of microchips within weapons, “so the UN can moderate weapons and make sure they are not falling into the wrong hands.”
South Africa’s delegate had an interesting perspective. Often, nations make the argument that citizens need weapons to protect themselves from violence. South Africa claimed the opposite, that arming people is promoting violence: “if I gave everyone in this room a gun, and I told you not to shoot each other, just ‘keep this gun,’ something eventually would break out. Somebody would get shot. Somebody would die,” says the delegate.
Representatives from both Argentina and Malaysia called for extensions to be made to the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) passed in 2014. They clarify the severity of this issue, and stated that thousands of citizens are dying every day from gun violence. And regulations can be difficult, due to the size of black markets.
The United States of America made a speech, as the world’s number one arms exporter. Their concern is on ease of countries to negotiate deals with black markets, contributing to the rise of terrorists and other radical regimes. “In order to combat this and other issues presented by arms trafficking, strict monetary regulation of the transfer of weaponry should be enacted” with regards to domestic and military weapons, states the delegate. The US called upon its fellow nations to hold a summit to discuss these issues further.
Despite their good intentions, the US has been under fire from a lack of regulation for gun control in their country. The delegate from South Africa was not shy in pointing out the mass shootings across the nation, suggesting that their “excessive gun violence is very shocking” and calling for a domestic reform before tackling international issues.
The DISEC is off to a great start regarding these serious issues of security. Let’s hope that their work will effect positive change in the international community.