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UNSC calling for effective actions to protect the environment in the Artics and South China Sea

UNSC calling for effective actions to protect the environment in the Artics and South China Sea

Written by RT News

Countries including the United States, France, Russia, and Kuwait have been working to establish an arctic oil and gas agreement which aims to deal with the aftermath as well as the investigation process of oil leaks and oil spills, according to a recent update from the United Nations Security Council.

Indonesia, Belgium, and Kuwait have also expressed concern for various environmental issues that have been occurring in the Arctic regions, including water pollution, melting of glaciers due to climate change, carbon footings of cargo ships, and damages resulted from overfishing as well as the intense competition within the fishing industries. They argued that countries in the UNSC should cooperate with each other to create more efficient fishing techniques and apply better fishing rules that will help protect the environmental conditions in the Arctic regions and the South China Sea.

According to the delegation of Kuwait, who has been passionate about the possible implementation of new environmental policies in the Arctic region, “The UNSC should take active steps to reduce the carbon footings of cargo ships and carry out effective measurements in the direction of environment protection of the Arctics as well as the South China Sea.”

Additionally, the delegation of Belgium agrees with Kuwait and indicates that Belgium is willing to share its innovation of fishing nets and techniques with the international community in order to minimize the harsh impacts of fishing on the environment.

It remains unclear what path the UN Security Council will take, but all delegates agreed that the United Nations Security Council should provide an open forum for discussions about the best course of action that each government should take in response to the environmental issues in the Arctic areas and the South China Sea.


Legalization of spice creates division among Galactic Senate

Legalization of spice creates division among Galactic Senate

Written by France 24

Spice, in any of its dozens of varieties, was the plague on the galaxy; a horribly addicting drug that its victims would lie, steal, assault, and murder for.”

–Eli Vanto, ensign in the Imperial Navy

Spice, the mind-altering illicit substance predominantly mined on Kessel, has been a thorn in the side of the Galactic Empire since its inception. Highly addictive, the drug has inspired a sprawling underground smuggling network, one that the Empire had been unable to regulate. This year, however, 15 years after the formation of the Empire, the Galactic Senate has decided to legalize and regulate its sale. The move is expected to bring in billions of credits in taxes… yet not all are happy with its legalization.

Senator Gar Saxon of Mandalore led the push to legalize the drug, citing the current economic crisis facing the Senate and the threat posed by smuggling. “As you’re all well-aware, the Galactic Empire has experienced some revenue problems,” he told France 24 in an exclusive interview. “We have faced a serious security threat in the form of various crime syndicates. Those crime syndicates generate much of their revenue through the illicit trade of spice.”

Yet just as I was about to press the Senator for more information, Senator Ecclessis Figg of Bespin approached. “Are you talking about how much you hate children and women?” the senator asked Saxon, jumping into our conversation. Senator Figg explained that he had been the main opponent to legalizing spice, and that there were other ways the Empire could recoup its lost revenue. “There are so many different ways I think that we could improve the economic stability. I think that one big thing that people neglect is the idea of industrializing the Outer Rim planets in terms of mining. There are so many planets that I have been in contact with about expanding development, especially because at this current time I am the only planet that is mining the gas that runs the galaxy. There are resources to make that available to other countries, and we just haven’t done that.”

I pressed the Senator further. The Galactic Empire has shaky control at best over the Outer Rim, where some planets do not even operate on the credit system. How could the Senate incentive Outer Rim planets to take up mining when many do not recognize the Empire’s legitimacy? “Right now, the Empire is incredibly strong…” Senator Figg responded as Senator Saxon nodded. “The Outer Rim has historically been a patchy system, but we have made strides in this committee specifically to fix those patches.”

It remains to be seen whether the legalization of spice will fix the Galactic Empire’s revenue troubles, but one thing remains certain: Senator Figg plans to continue to fight against the drug. “I will fight just as hard as I did against spice to reverse that ruling on spice and make sure that no other drugs in this galaxy becoming legalized,” he told me defiantly before striding back into committee.

70 years later: A guide to the draft resolutions that have defined environmental refugees

70 years later: A guide to the draft resolutions that have defined environmental refugees

Written by BBC

After hours of debate, the UNHCR is preparing to vote on a definition for environmental refugees and accompanying measures to assist those that fall under the new definition. The UN has not updated their definition since it was first established in the 1950s, before there was a solid understanding of climate change or its implications.

Those that are most vulnerable to climate change tend to be communities on the edge of deserts and those that are located on small islands. Rising temperatures influence weather patterns and increase the speed of desertification. Small islands are especially vulnerable, since rising sea levels threaten their very existence. Many of these communities simply will not be able to adapt to impending climate change, and will become climate refugees.

Over the course of debate, five blocs have formed with different approaches to this issue. Though many delegates have proposed unique solutions to various problems associated with climate change, the main differentiating factor between working papers at this time and the element with the most far reaching effects is their definitions of environmental refugees. The BBC was able to obtain copies of these working drafts and analyse the key differences between them.

RAIN

The RAIN working paper leverages the existing infrastructure and legislation on refugees by simply classifying environmental refugees as refugees. Notably, the paper also considers those affected by natural disasters, not just permanent flooding, food shortages, or desertification, to be environmental refugees.

DDRIP

The DDRIP working paper defines “climate-disaster migrantsas individuals who have been “been internally displaced, as a result of urgent, systemic, and irreversible damage done to their environment caused by extreme weather events or natural disasters which have posed an immediate risk to their wellbeing” It is curious that the working paper has not included people who have been forced to leave their home nation. Additionally, the language states “urgent, systemic and irreversible damage.” This could be problematic, since it means a person would only qualify for refugee status by meeting all 3 requirements.

RISE(ing) TIDE

The RISE(ing) TIDE working paper defines Environmental Refugees similarly, with the exception of a clause which states, “as well as those with the scientifically substantiated fear of being displaced by such [climate caused disasters.]” By this definition, persons would be able to apply for refugee status and the associated benefits before such a disaster has struck.

TIER DROP

The TIER DROP working paper includes a relatively standard definition with the exception of a sentence which allows persons to apply for refugee status owing to “fear of significant harm to the individual’s life or living conditions.” Neither fear nor significant harm have been further elaborated.

Comrades

The Comrades working paper allows regional subcommittees to establish their own local definitions for environmental refugees.

The implications of this decision are enormous by any measure. Millions of people will either be included or excluded from refugee status and the potentially life saving benefits it affords depending on what definition the committee chooses. The decision should be announced by the end of the day.

Opinion: Why communism has propelled the USSR to the top

Opinion: Why communism has propelled the USSR to the top

Written by ZEE News

This article is a contribution from Nikita Khrushchev.

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) is poised at being the first nation to erupt outside the Earth’s atmosphere into space with the spacecraft “Chairnobyl” -- just another reason why communism is the answer.

After the end of World War II, after the great Joseph Stalin kicked the Nazis out of existence, two superpowers have emerged, the U.S.S.R. and the United States. This new “Cold War” is not a conventional war -- it is a war of ideals -- a war that the West will lose.

Do you think when two representatives holding diametrically opposing views get together and shake hands, the contradictions between our systems will simply melt away? What kind of a daydream is that?

The goal of Communism is equality, preventing the higher classes from exploiting the working class, an exploitation seen time-and-time again in the West.

The weak United States believes their flawed Capitalist system is the correct way to form a government. A system in which one could rise from the bottom just by hard work alone.

But rising from the Earth is not the “American Dream,” it is the newly-developed intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), the first ever rocket tested successfully.

This ICBM soared high above Mother Russia, and with almost a blessing from Lenin himself, landed perfectly on its target, thousands of miles away.

In the West, there are so called “private businesses” that bid for programs. These contracts always go to the lowest bidder, leading to the inferior programs seen in the United States. This lowest common denominator system ensures the West will always be in the dust of the Soviet Union.  

The reason the U.S.S.R. is so successful in developing technology is the streamlined system of Communism. There is no red tape. The Central Committee of the Communist Party knows what the people wants, and works tirelessly to achieve those goals.

In a capitalist society, money rules all. Labor is just another resource waiting to be exploited by the rich and powerful. There are no protections for the working class. There is pressure building under the surface of their perfect Western lives. Waiting to rise up.

Whether you like it or not, history is on our side. We will bury you. Of course we will not bury you with a shovel. Your own working class will bury you.

Like the “Man of Steel” himself, Joseph Stalin, Communism will stand strong. The world can be left in the barren Capitalist wasteland, or join us in revolution.