JCC: War of the Pacific: Peru/ Bolivia
JCC: War of the Pacific: Peru/ Bolivia
Coordinating Crisis Director: Axel Sarkissian
Chair: Malvika Varma
Crisis Director: Marcos Cardenas
It is 1879. As a result of a Bolivian tax increase on minerals, the Chile has directed its army to take control of the port city of Antofagasta. They have chosen to use force instead of diplomacy. Unbeknownst to them, however, this action has brought the security alliance between Peru and Bolivia into force. The stability of the Pacific Coast is in great jeopardy and we must take every possible measure to maintain it, even if this necessitates an offensive stance against the opposition. As Peruvians, we must have faith in the strength of our army and uphold our duty of defending our territory on the Pacific Coast. As strong allies of Bolivia, we must defend their sovereignty and honor from being taken away to the best of our abilities.
The Peruvian side of the Joint Crisis Committee will be tasked with the responsibility of fighting against the Chilean forces alongside the Bolivian military in an epic alliance. This strong alliance was important in maintaining the stability of the Pacific Coast during the complex, multifaceted War of the Pacific (1879-1883). Lasting a lengthy 4 years, the war was a major determinant of the geopolitical dynamics of the Central Pacific Coast, the effects of which are felt to date. Delegates should expect a dynamic, multidimensional committee that involves deciding the alliance’s battle strategies while maintaining national interests, along with debate on both domestic matters and foreign policy. So, join the alliance in maintaining the stability of our Pacific Coast, and ensuring that Chilean forces are put in their right place!
Letter from the Coordinating Crisis Director
Welcome to LAMUN 2017. My name is Axel Sarkissian, and I will be the coordinating crisis director for the War of the Pacific. I study Political Science with minors in Public Affairs and Urban & Regional Planning, and compete regularly with the University’s intercollegiate Model UN team. I look forward to a weekend of excellent debate and intriguing crisis notes.
The War of the Pacific was a pivotal moment in South American history. The JCC will simulate the War from the perspective of the main actors in the conflict. We hope to faithfully represent the fascinating and unique character of each of the three countries involved and of the war itself.
It is important to note that, during the time period, Latin America was radically different when compared to Europe or the United States. While the countries in question had well developed militaries (and in some cases access to cutting-edge technology), their economies and institutions had not progressed at the same speed. These committees will not be just about the war; delegates will also have to grapple with domestic issues, many of which will be exacerbated by the ongoing conflict.
You should be broadly familiar with the history that lead to the conflict and have an understanding of other issues which a country might face when it enters into a war (food shortages, disruption of government services, and so on). I would encourage you to understand your country’s society and the basics of its national history.
It is important to note that the cabinets you will form a part of did not exist at the time, and that a grouping of these characters would be highly unusual. Thus, there will be significant room for creativity in these committees, which we encourage.
Please do not hesitate to email your chair, crisis director, or myself with any questions.
Coordinating Crisis Director, War of the Pacific
Letter from the Chair
Welcome to the simulation of the Peru/Bolivian side of the JCC at Los Angeles Model United Nations 2017! My name is Malvika Varma and I am proud to be serving as your chairperson for this conference. For some background about me, I am a sophomore majoring in Business-Economics at UCLA. This is my 6th year doing MUN. I have competed with the UCLA MUN travel team before and have staffed various UCLA conferences. I hope to make this experience as enjoyable as possible for all of you!
The JCC this year is unique in that it deals with an issue that while lesser known, was integral in defining the geopolitics of South America for centuries to come: The War of the Pacific. Fought for four years between Chile and a Peru-Bolivian alliance, this war was of a multifaceted and dynamic nature as the countries still had developing economies and infrastructures. Hence, delegates in this committee will not only be dealing with military issues, but will be tasked with solving various domestic crises that may arise in their respective countries as side effects of the war.
Delegates should expect this committee to be fast-paced and complex in nature, as any war committee entails. Fighting for the alliance against Chile in the war whilst maintaining national interests should be of utmost priority. The characters of this committee will be part of a cabinet of nationals that did not exist in the structural form that we have assigned it for this conference. This means that delegates will have the freedom to exploit the novelty of the cabinet using their creativity and innovative ideas (which we highly encourage).
Feel free to contact me or the respective crisis directors if you have any doubts or questions regarding the committee or the conference. Looking forward to meeting you at LAMUN 2017!
Malvika Varma | Chair of the JCC: Peru/Bolivia
Letter from the Crisis Director
I am Marcos Cardenas, and I will be the Crisis Director for the Peruvian/Bolivian side of the JCC: War of the Pacific. I am a senior Economics major, and I am planning to obtain a teaching credential in Mathematics after graduating from UCLA. I have been competing in MUN since my freshman year, and this conference will be my 4th and, unfortunately, my last time participating at LAMUN.
This committee deals with a unique war that had a profound and long lasting effect on the societies of the involved countries. Neither side came out of the war without scars, some deeper than others. For Peru and Bolivia, the loss of life was three times that of Chile in the end. Peru was in shambles in the post-war period. The delegates in the committee need to take this into consideration when understanding the end goal of the war. It is not bloodshed, but a better outcome for their people, so the committee will not be focused entirely on a war, as domestically each country has to fix their problems economically, socially and politically.
Our goal with this committee is to accurately simulate the war between these two committees, but history does not have to repeat itself in this JCC. The actions of every delegate in the committee will affect the outcome of this war and the futures of the countries Peru, Bolivia, and Chile.
With that, I wish all of you the best of luck come LAMUN, and please feel free to contact myself, my Chair, Malvika, or our Coordinating Crisis Director, Axel with any questions or concerns.
Crisis Director, JCC: War of the Pacific - Peru/Bolivia