Historical UNSC - 1973
Historical UNSC - 1973
Chair: Prannoiy Chandran
Crisis Director: Ethan Dodd
It is October 1973, and on a day when two different religions are observing the holiest parts of their calendars, war has suddenly broken out between Israel and an invading coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria. The conflict, which is being called the Yom Kippur War, has begun in Israeli occupied territories, captured only recently in a humiliating defeat for the Arab nations who are looking to take back their lands and their pride. In addition to the belligerents’ strained relations, the scope and importance of the war quickly transcends a simple regional skirmish, with many major Cold War powers with vested interests in the outcome. The Middle East, and indeed the entire world, is now facing what could be one of the most significant conflicts since World War II and the UN Security Council has been tasked with resolving this emergency swiftly and conclusively before it escalates into an international bloodbath.
Elsewhere, the world is engulfed in many “hot wars” within the framework of the Cold War, which is close to dragging into its 4th decade. Relationships among the Soviet Union and China have been rapidly deteriorating, with US President Richard Nixon and other western leaders taking advantage of this situation to play the two traditional communist allies against one another, creating hostility on both sides.
Meanwhile, Chile is still reeling from the effects of a September coup d’etat which saw socialist President Salvador Allende overthrown and killed by his own military after much social & political tension that involved ideological differences and suspected foreign involvement. Thousands are suspected to be dead in purges led by the new military junta as it seeks to consolidate its power, causing even its western supporters to pause. This conflict too threatens to irreparably destabilise an entire region.
Mending the ravages of Cold War conflict without stirring up any more conflict will not be an easy task for the UNSC. This will require all nations to communicate, negotiate and work to pull the entire world back from the precipice of unthinkable destruction. It remains to be seen if they are up to the challenge.
Letter from the Chair
Welcome to LAMUN 2017 and the Historical United Nations Security Council! My name is Prannoiy Chandran and I am excited to be your Chair for the weekend. To begin with, a bit about myself; I was born in India and grew up in Singapore. I am a sophomore pursuing a major in Business Economics and look forward to attending either business or law school in the near future. Having done Model UN in high school, I was excited to join UCLA’s reputed Model UN club and it has turned out be an incredible decision. In addition to staffing & chairing in BruinMUN and LAMUN, I have also had the honor of competing on the Travel Team.
The Security Council is one of the United Nation's most iconic committees, with its unique mandate and its pivotal, often controversial involvement in some of the most significant events and conflicts of the last few decades. Of course, this has led to plenty of "what ifs” with regards to how quickly and effectively it has fulfilled its duties and how things could have been done differently.
Model UN gives us an opportunity to revisit and learn from the historical events that have shaped our current world, and that is what we will be doing in this committee. It will be set in 1973, a tumultuous year with far-reaching implications that resonate even today. We will deal with the Yom Kippur War, a short but violent conflict that is now regarded as one of the most important events in the Middle East's history for its role in shaping the Arab-Israeli conflict. We will also be looking at the situation in Chile after the ousting of socialist President Salvador Allende and the new military junta's attempts to consolidate its rule over the country. Throughout this, we will have to contend with Cold War-era hostilities and maneuvering, as we explore the relationships between the USA, China and the Soviet Union. As you can see, these conflicts threatened to spread beyond national borders and destabilize entire regions while we were still recovering from two world wars.
Historical crisis committees are always challenging but also incredibly rewarding, and I am excited to be chairing one. I am eager to see how you immerse yourself in the historical context, respond to rapidly changing circumstances, canvass support and anticipate problems. I really look forward to meeting all of you and please feel free to reach out to me or Ethan if you have any questions or concerns. Conflict resolution and peacebuilding are heavy responsibilities indeed in these trying times, but I am confident that you are all up to the challenge!
Best of Luck,
Chair, Historical UNSC (1973)
Los Angeles Model United Nations 2017
Letter from the Crisis Director
Welcome to the United Nations Security Council! My name is Ethan Dodd, and it is my pleasure to serve as your Crisis Director for this year’s LAMUN conference.
I am a second year at UCLA, double majoring in Economics and Political Science. Growing up I had the opportunity to travel extensively and from those experiences I developed a lasting desire to interact with international affairs. I found an outlet for my own personal interests in these topics when I became involved with MUN last year as a freshman at UCLA. As a member of MUN at UCLA, I compete on our travel team and staff our high school and college conferences.
This year the UNSC will be focusing on a set of historical crises, specifically the 1973 Arab-Israeli War as well as other conflicts around the world during late 1973, including the anti-socialist military coup in Chile as well as the tensions between the USA, the PRC and the USSR during the middle of the Cold War. This was a pivotal moment for the UNSC as it faced some of the greatest challenges ever placed before it, while tensions between its members reached at an all time high. Meanwhile the peacekeeping body was faced with increasing questions whether it could adapt to changing times. Beyond determining its continuing existence of the institution, the UNSC in late 1973 would play an important role in determining the future of the UN and the very world itself, as nuclear powers, and smaller powers alike threatened to disrupt the Cold War world order and the smallest conflict seemed to ominously point towards another World War, this time in a nuclear armed era.
When you are researching these conflicts before committee begins, and when you are writing notes and directives in committee, I urge you to focus on not only the short term solution to these issues, but also to consider the lasting effects your solutions will have. Consider the historical situations leading up to the committee time period as context for the committee, but the events after the start of committee as simply one indication of events to come. Your actions in committee will have real consequences on the timeline moving forward. Therefore the quality and direction of your work (not so much the quantity) will shape the direction of the committee, as well as the level of enjoyment of the committee. States' representatives should attempt to stay close to their nation's historical policy, or provide a serious and well reasoned strategy for why their policy has shifted if they wish to deviate. Throughout the entire committee, my staff and I will be working alongside you to help make your directives, ideas and plans a reality as well as to provide the best possible experience for you. If you have any questions don’t hesitate to contact me. Best of luck, and I look forward to meeting all of you!
Crisis Director, Historical UNSC (1973)
Los Angeles Model United Nations 2017