Written by Deepti Saroha
When one thinks of a threat to their country the first thing that often comes to mind is something physical or tangible. However, with the onslaught of technology this notion has proven to be null. A new threat is taking hold over the world and that threat has come to be known as “Cyber Terrorism”. Many scholars argue that terrorism is organized into different waves and the latest wave is directly related to technology. This has proven to be the hardest type of terrorism to combat due to its inconspicuous nature. Attempts to make sense of this phenomenon have come in the form of allocating more funds on protecting networks containing classified information and detesting those who partake in this form of terrorism.
The United Kingdom has invested almost 2 billion Euros to improve their cyber security. This investment serves as a preventative measure due to the compromising of networks in the Western bloc. These attacks are believed to have been made possible by hackers in China and Russia. Despite these allegations, the main enemy of this type of attack is the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS). ISIS has been deemed to be the most successful terrorist organization due to how long they have maintained their vast online network through infiltrating social media outlets such as Twitter.
The United States on the other hand has continued to support a program called the Arizona Cyber Warfare Range (AZCWR). This program aims to train “good-guy hackers” so to speak, in an effort to combat outside threats and has been successful in infiltrating and taking down over a thousand accounts a day. Programs such as this aim to make citizens feel safe and take a significant role in their safety. Moreover this program encourages government agencies to take a different stance on hacking by not stigmatizing the action of hacking but instead focus on malicious individual or group goals of hacking.