Five Conflicts to Divide the Council
The Security Council is set to discuss five cases of civil and extremist violence in Africa, one of the most multifaceted and increasingly ferocious challenges of our modern world. African nations have faced violence in the post-colonial era; violence that has penetrated the unity of the countries and shattered it into many regions, each facing serious internal displacement, guerrilla warfare, and armed conflict. The five cases are: the War in Darfur, the South Sudanese civil war, Libyan civil wars, sectarian violence in the Central African Republic and the Boko Haram insurgency against the Nigerian government.
The question that arises is: can a body of 15 countries take an effective stance in response to this armed conflict? Seeing as Chad, Angola and Nigeria are serving as non permanent members of the council, debate will likely center on Boko Haram and possibly Central African Republic due to the involvement of these countries. Previous resolutions, though well intended, have proven to be barely effective; instilling both long term and short term solutions to each of the issues are approaches to be considered for the council.
As an assembly there are many expectations for the SC, ones that assert that the SC will propose encouraging approaches towards reducing the violence and armed conflict that occurs within the Central African region; it is beyond measure a necessity, as 2015 has indicated with its increase in violence at alarming rates. The collective body will hopefully enable a resolution that moves swiftly.